Types of policies
Health insurance in India typically pays for only inpatient hospitalization and for treatment at hospitals in India. Outpatient services were not payable under health policies in India. The first health policies in India were Mediclaim Policies. In 2000 government of India liberalized insurance and allowed private players into the insurance sector. The advent of private insurers in India saw the introduction of many innovative products like family floater plans, top-up plans, critical illness plans, hospital cash and top up policies.
The health insurance sector hovers around 10 % in density calculations. One of the main reasons for the low penetration and coverage of health insurance is the lack of competition in the sector. The Insurance Regulatory Authority of India (IRDA) which is responsible for insurance policies in India can create health circles, similar to telecom circles to promote competition.
Broadly we can divide the health insurance plans in India today can be classified into three categories:
- Hospital daily cash benefit plans
- Critical illness plans